|Building A Deck - Page 3
Attach joist hangers to the ledger board where you have
previously marked 16” on center. Put each joist hanger up
separately in case the joist boards are different widths.
Put the joist board in the hanger, making sure it is level,
with the other end of the joist resting on the beam. Screw
joists and hangers into ledger board. At the beam end, screw
joists into beam where 16” centers are marked. When
completed, screw end face board onto deck joists. Remember
your two outer joists will be cut longer because they will
fit in along side of the ledger board instead of butting up
Decking: Deck board can be precut to size or put up
roughly with one side flush and cut to size after
installation by running a chalk line and trimming end
pieces. Your first piece of decking should start at the
building and work your way out, leaving a predetermined
space between boards. You can use any equal piece of lumber
for space shims, ¼” to ½”, whichever you prefer. Every five
boards, it is a good idea to measure from the building to
the last board on either side of the board to make sure you
are still equally spaced from the building. Slight
adjustments can be made to fix any irregularity.
Railing: Railing height should be dictated by your
local codes, usually 3 ft. Generally, 4x4 posts are
installed every six to eight feet apart with spindles 3 to 4
“ apart according to you code.
Install the posts by screwing metal post brackets to the
floor and posts. Use a 2x4 as a crosspiece or railing to the
top of the posts or a few inches down, if you have a custom
post with a decorative top.
We suggest screwing 2x2’s to the crosspiece or railing on
top and to the floor of the deck on bottom for a stronger
railing. You may also use a crosspiece a few inches from the
floor of the railing and nail your 2x2’s to that if you
prefer. Put a decorative piece of wood (a 5 quarter treated
railing top) as a trim piece on top of the railing to cover
the 2x2’s between beams.
Do not stain your deck right away. The wood needs to dry out
before it accepts stain. Wait several weeks and check a
small spot of decking to see if the stain is absorbed. See
our deck tips for more info.
|4 foot level or
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